Musculoskeletal as the name suggests it is the rehabilitation of the muscles and bones. Musculoskeletal rehabilitation helps the patient to return to the highest level of function and independence while improving the overall quality of life.
Common Symptoms and Disorders
Some of the conditions which may benefit from this type of rehabilitation include: Tendinitis, bursitis, arthritis, trauma injuries like strain, sprain, joint injury and replacement. The common symptoms include joint/muscle pain, swelling or tenderness in the joint, restricted range of motion, decreased flexibility of joint, pain while ascending or descending stairs, pain in lifting heavy weight.
Fitting and care of casts/braces for different joints like cervical collar, tennis elbow band, lumbar belt. Use of electrotherapy modalities (pain relieving machines) like TENS (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator), IFT (Interferential therapy), muscle stimulator for pain relief. Exercise programs to improve range of motion (passive and active). Stretching and strengthening exercises to improve flexibility and mobility. Gait (walking) retraining methods for safe ambulation using walker, cane etc. Patient and family education and counseling. Ergonomic advice for work related injury prevention.
Recovery time depends on the condition and intensity of pain. Pain relief treatment with machines and exercise therapy helps in prevention of further exaggeration of symptoms. Usually it takes 4-5 days for the pain to subside and around 2-3 weeks for full recovery.